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Our Work

We have a particular interest in atherosclerotic macrophages, macrophage polarization, foam cell formation, adipose tissue metabolism, adipose tissue macrophages, liver metabolism, the autophagy-lysosome system, lysosomal biogenesis, lysosomal acidification, lysosomal acid lipase and lysosomal lipolysis, selective autophagy (particularly p62/SQSTM1), lipophagy, aggrephagy, mitophagy, mTOR signaling, differing roles of mTORC1 and mTORC2, nanoparticle delivery systems, and iPSC (induced pluripotent stem cells)

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Adipose Tissue Lysosomal Lipid Metabolism under Cold Exposure

    Adipose tissue browning, a process of phenotypic switching by the white adipose tissue when subjected to specific stimuli such as cold exposure, is one of the major ways to enhance thermogenesis to maintain body temperature and metabolic homeostasis. Due to the propensity to metabolize instead of store lipids in adipose tissue, browning has been recently thought as an effective strategy to prevent or treat obesity and complications. However, the role of lysosomal function and lysosomal lipolysis in cold-induced browning and lipid metabolism remains unknown.

Dr. Yu-Sheng Yeh Findings include the following: studies the role of  lysosomal acid lipase (LAL) in the hydrolysis of triglycerides and cholesteryl esters in lysosomes of adipocytes. His work supports the notion that adipose tissue is  not only a storage depot for excess nutrients but a critically important endocrine gland.   

1.Cold exposure triggers lysosomal and autophagic programs in adipocytes.

2.Lysosomal acid lipase has a high correlation with browning markers and plasma lipids.

3.Adipose lysosomal lipid metabolism is involved in browning of inguinal white adipose tissue.

4.Lysosomal acid lipase in adipose tissue is necessary for cold-induced thermogenesis and β-adrenergic agonist treatment-induced lipolysis

Project Coming Soon

Project description coming soon.


Project Coming Soon

Project description coming soon.

Association of Cardiovascular Risk with Leucine Activation  of mTOR in Macrophages

Project description coming soon.

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Very high-protein intake induces mTORC1 activation and inhibition of autophagy in isolated human monocytes

(A-D) Before and after consuming the low and very high protein meals, mTORC1 activation in isolated circulating monocytes was evaluated by (A,B) Western blot and (C) FACS analysis of phosphorylated ribosomal protein S6, and (D) co-localization of mTOR and LAMP2 by immunofluorescence (IF) microscopy. (E,F) IF microscopy analysis of LC3 autophagy marker in isolated circulating monocytes before and after consuming the low and very high protein meals. For all graphs, data are presented as mean ± SEM, n=14. **P < 0.01 and ***P < 0.001.

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